Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of body. Breast cancer is the most common cancer type, after skin cancer most of the people use to suffer with this breast cancer and mostly women are suffered with this breast cancer.Know more about breast cancer in this post "Breast Cancer : Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Risks & Prevention."
What is Breast Cancer ?
Breast cancer is the cancer that forms in the cells of the breast, Cancer occurs when changes called mutations takes place in the genes that regulate the cell growth.
Typically breast cancer occurs in either the Lobules or Ducts of the breast, Lobules are the glands which produce milk and Ducts are the gateway which transfer the milk from Lobules to Nipple.
Cancer also occur in the fatty places in your breast.
Breast cancer cells can be seen in the x-rays or felt as lump.
Symptoms Of Breast Cancer
A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue.
Change in the size, and shape or appearance of the breast.
Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling.
A newly inverted nipple.
Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast.
A rash on or around the nipple.
A sunken or inverted nipple.
A lump or swelling under your arm.
Blood discharge from your nipple.
A nipple discharge other than breast milk.
Causes For Breast Cancer
After puberty women will have increase in the size of their breast it consists of connective tissues, fat, and thousands of lobules.
There are tiny glands that produce milk for breast feeding. Tiny tubes, or ducts carry the milk toward the milk.
Breast cancer starts in the inner lining of the ducts or lobules that supply them with the milk. From there, it can spread to other parts of the body.
Stages Of Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer can be divided into different stages based on how large the tumor and how much it has spread and there are basically 0 - 4 stages.
Stage 0 : Stage 0 is DCIS and in this stage the cells are within the ducts and not spread into another layer.
Stage 1 : In this stage the tumor measures up-to 2 centimeters before the ducts and does not affect the Lymph Nodes.
Stage 2 : Here again the tumor is 2 centimeters across and it start spread to nearby nodes and does not affect to Lymph Nodes.
Stage 3 : The tumor is again spread to 5 centimeters across and it is affected to some Lymph Nodes.
Stage 4 : This is the final stage and here the tumor is spread into all the organs like liver, bones, brain and other nodes of the body.
Risk Factors For Breast Cancer
Age - The risk of getting breast cancer will increase along with the age as age goes on the risk of getting Breast cancer increases.
Genetics - Women who have BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes mutations are more likely to have this Breast Cancer.
Body Weight - Women who are over weighted and obesity people will have more chance of getting breast cancer due to the increase in the estrogen levels.
Alcohol Consumption - High level of Alcohol consumption leads to breast cancer.
Radiation Exposure - Taking any type of radiation treatment at your small age or when you are adult there is a chance of getting Breast Cancer.
Hormone Treatments - Women who are taking or taken the treatment of Menopausal(Pause of Menses) estrogen will have high chance of getting Breast Cancer.
Having Dense Breast Tissue - Having dense breast tissue will lead to Breast Cancer problem.
Gender - Women will have high chance of getting Breast Cancer compared to men and that too white women will have more chance compared to black women.
Early Menstruation - Girls who had there first period before 12 will have high chance of getting Beast Cancer.
Giving Birth At Older Age - Giving birth after the age of 30 and 35 will lead to Breast Cancer.
Late Menopause Start - If the women do not stop their Menopause after 55 will have a chance of getting Breast Cancer.
Never Being Pregnant - Women who never became pregnant for life time will have a chance of getting Breast Cancer.
Previous Breast Cancer - If you have cancer for one breast there will be have a chance of getting Breast cancer for other one.
Obesity - Obesity people will have a chance of getting Breast Cancer.
Prevention For Breast Cancer
Keep your alcohol consumption in a proper manner.
Exercise most of the days in a week.
Become more familiar with your breasts through self-exam of the breast awareness.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Choose a healthy food.
Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy.
Life style factors may have a high impact of getting breast cancer.
Treatment For Breast Cancer
The are some factors based on those factors the treatment is carried out for the people, they are
Stage of the person, Age of the person, Overall health condition of the person.
The main treatment for breast cancer is
Breast Cancer can be treated and cured if it is observed in the starting stages and also by taking preventive measures it is cured and it is not affected once it is cured.